criminal


criminal
1 /'krIminFl/ adjective
1 related to or connected with crime: criminal behaviour | The boy had shown criminal tendencies since early adolescence. | a criminal offence (=a crime that can be punished by law) | criminal element (=people within a particular group who are known to be involved in crime): Ray got mixed up with the local criminal element. | criminal negligence (=the illegal act of not doing something you should do, with the result that someone is hurt) | criminal damage (=the illegal act of damaging someone else's property)
2 (no comparative) related to the part of the legal system that is concerned with crime: criminal court | criminal case | criminal attorney | criminal charges (=official statements saying that someone has done something illegal): Wharton faces criminal charges and will be tried in May.
-compare civil (3)
3 wrong, dishonest, and unacceptable: There was a criminal lack of foresight in the planning of this venture.
- criminally adverb 2 noun (C) someone who is involved in illegal activities or has been proved guilty of a crime: The man is a criminal. How could the people elect him to office? | hardened criminal (=someone who has been involved in crime for a long time): Teenagers should not be sent to prison with hardened criminals.

Longman dictionary of contemporary English. 2004.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Criminal — Crim i*nal (kr?m ? nal), a. [L. criminalis, fr. crimen: cf. F. criminel. See {Crime}.] 1. Guilty of crime or sin. [1913 Webster] The neglect of any of the relative duties renders us criminal in the sight of God. Rogers. [1913 Webster] 2.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • criminal — (Del lat. criminālis). 1. adj. Perteneciente o relativo al crimen o que de él toma origen. 2. Dicho de una ley, de un instituto o de una acción: Destinado a perseguir y castigar los crímenes o delitos. 3. Que ha cometido o procurado cometer un… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Criminal — Crimināl, adj. et adv. aus dem Lat. criminalis, welches aber nur in einigen Zusammensetzungen üblich ist. Das Criminal Gericht, ein Gericht, welches die Verbrechen der Übelthäter untersucht, im Gegensatze der Civil oder bürgerlichen Gerichte, das …   Grammatisch-kritisches Wörterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart

  • criminal — early 15c. (adj.), from M.Fr. criminel (11c.), from L. criminalis pertaining to crime, from crimen (gen. criminis); see CRIME (Cf. crime). Preserves the Latin n . As a noun, from 1620s. Criminal law (or criminal justice) distinguished from civil… …   Etymology dictionary

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